The Kampinos National Park
was created on the 16th of January 1959. The Park covers an area of 38 544 hectares of which 4 638 hectares are very closely protected. More than 70% of the Park is covered by forests with pine trees dominating. The great attraction of the Park are the dunes and the marsh lands. The Park almost reaches Warsaw city limits making this beautiful place a popular destination for weekend breaks and holidays. A very important factor is that the Park produces clean, fresh air for Warsaw. That's why it is called the lungs of the city.
The Park has two important roles. Firstly it protects the unique local environment and secondly it safeguards the many historical memorials of the numerous Polish uprisings especially and especially of WWII. Almost 9500 Polish soldiers were killed in the Park and its surroundings during the war. In the Palmiry are the graves of those murdered by the Nazis in Pawiak jail and other Warsaw prisons. 2500 guerilla fighters, the Kampinos Group, who supported fights in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, trained and hid here. Today there are 39 historical monuments in the Park area including the birth place of Frederik Chopin, now a museum, in Żelazowa Wola, and the Place of Memory in Palmiry
, located in the middle of the forest close to the route, Warszawa-Gdańsk. Between 1939-1941 nearly 2 thousand people were murdered here when they were brought to the forest from Nazi prisons located in Warsaw. After the war when this secret place was revealed to the public the search for the mass graves commenced and the terrible discovery in the Palmiry forest became a national issue. There are graves of many important Polish people of that time, one of whom was the pre-war Olympic champion, Janusz Kusociński, who with many others was murdered here. Today you will find Polish and Jewish graves and thousands of symbolic crosses in Palmiry. They look majestic placed amongst the trees. This is our history and we must remember not to repeat it again anywhere in this world!
Sightseeing Kampinos National Park by car or bike note that almost 1 million visitors come here every year. There are 360 km of marked tourist routes ready to be followed and explored. Get there by car and explore the silence and the beauty of this extraordinary park located so close to Warsaw!
Last update May 2009